Step 3: Schematising
The purpose of this phase is that you thoroughly review and analyze the subject matter. You look for connections.
You schematize complex pieces of learning content. Making schemes is active studying at its best.
You need to abandon the existing text and create something new yourself. For certain students this is a difficult stage, but if you completed the previous stages well, then most work is done! A scheme can also help you to memorise the learning content faster. After all, you have to build sentences, concepts and key words around your scheme, just like you will have to do on the exams!
How to get started?
Step 1: Decide which scheme you want to create.
Step 2: Copy all titles and subtitles in your scheme.
Step 3: Briefly describe the main issues of your text!
Don’t write entire sentences, just words.
Especially write down the logical steps (What? Which? ... ).
Use symbols, arrows and abbreviations.
If you want to indicate there are 5 symptoms of a seasonal depression, then write 'Symptoms (5)' instead of naming all 5 symptoms. If you keep on writing all details in your scheme, you won’t arrive at recognition (= knowledge).
Test yourself and take up the challenge to list these 5 symptoms yourself every time. Afterwards check if you are correct in your book/syllabus.
Do you take a course which offers mainly digital study materials?
Then check our digital learning study tips!
Should I Draw a Scheme of all Learning Contents?
No, certain learning contents are quite simple, so there is no need for a scheme.
Often you won’t need to know all learning contents very thoroughly. Certain sections are mere illustrations or articles which you just have to read through.
Here you can download some practice texts and compare them with the answer keys.
- Exercise 'Psychology' - Mind mapping (answer key)
- Exercise 'What is change' - Schematising (answer key)
- Exercise 'Intercultural sensitivity' - Schematising (answer key)